The state of Maryland is basically one of the smallest state of the country of the United States of America, and this state is situated in the Mid-Atlantic region of the said country, and borders the other states, such as the Virginia, Washington D.C. and West Virginia to its south and west, Delaware to its east, and to its north, is the state of Pennsylvania. The US state of Maryland’s largest city is the city of Baltimore, and its capital city is called as the city of Annapolis. The state of Maryland is basically called in various nicknames, like the Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State, for the basic reason that this specific state is categorized as the birthplace of religious freedom of United States of America. The system of the government of the US state of Maryland is basically the same with the other states of the country where this state is situated, and it is basically conducted and administered with accordance to the state constitution of the whole country of the United State of America.
The general assembly of the state of Maryland is commonly held and convened in the state house which is found in the state’s capital city, and general assembly of the states are typically composed of legislative body and state legislature. The Maryland general assembly is basically composed of two houses, namely the lower chamber, which is also referred to as the house of delegates, along with its representatives; and the upper chamber, which is also referred to as the house of the senate, together with their representatives, and because of that the Maryland general assembly is also recognized as a bicameral body. During election time, the functions of these two houses include establishing rules for the conduct of its business, judging the qualifications of each of their members, and expelling or punishing their members. The people who wants to become part of the Maryland general assembly as a delegate or senator, they need to fit the various qualifications, such as being a resident for at least a year prior to the election, they should be a citizen of the state of Maryland, and the qualified age for a delegate is at least twenty-one years old, while for a senator is at least twenty-five years old. Each elected officials have a four-year term for their respective position, but in unfortunate circumstances, such as resignation, death or disqualification of a member, a vacancy for the said position will occur, thus their terms are recognized as not limited, and the governor will be the one who has the power to appoint a replacement for the vacant position. The upper chamber or the house of the senate is typically led by an official called as the president, while in the lower chamber or the house of the delegate is typically led by an official called as the speaker, with respective prerogatives, duties and responsibilities that enables and allows them to influence the process of legislation in a significant manner.